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Life & Philosophy

Open is closed

There are two worlds: open and closed. In the closed world, “you can know only what you’re permitted to know.”

China, Turkey, and North Korea are closed worlds. The news is state-run, recast as edited real life.

Meanwhile, open information systems suffer from hack journalism. Excess information confounds true and fake news. Consequently, no one knows what’s going on. They fall prey to an incompetent demagogue that condemns them to “exciting times.

Both open and closed systems shroud the data, either by default or with intention. Everyone knows everything and nothing; none of it adds up to actuality.

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By Wells Baum

Wells Baum is a daily blogger who writes about Life & Arts. He's also the author of Discvr.blog and four books.